Something familiar to most JudeaChristians within their teachings is the idea of adoption. The word ‘adoption’ is a translation used five times in most English versions of the New Testament, all within writings by the Apostle Paul to the Romans, Galatians, and Ephesians. We will look carefully at each of these examples in their context.
From the standpoint of denominational doctrines, the whole idea of adoption is that a Gentile must be adopted into the family of God in order to become a child of God. At this point, if you’ve studied our previous lessons in Bible 101 and are coming to the knowledge of the truth, this should raise a ‘red flag’. Let’s take a much closer look at these five places where adoption is used in the New Testament.
1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. 3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: 4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. 6 For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. 7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. 8 So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God. 9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his. 10 And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you. 12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh. 13 For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. 14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. 15 For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
The actual Greek word translated “adoption” here in the King James (and in most other English versions) is uiothesia (hwee-oh-thes-ee-ah) which is Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance #5206. It is defined as the placing as a son… adoption… sonship. By itself, uiothesia only describes the placement of a son, it does not describe the act of adoption.
The Greek word for adoption is eispoieo (ice-poy-hay-ooh) referenced in the Liddell and Scott’s Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon, 7th Edition. This word eispoieo is the actual act of adoption or making one a son who was not a son in the first place, yet is never used in the New Testament. Nor is it ever used in the Greek translation of the Old Testament known as the Septuagint (LXX) which the Apostles and Christ Himself quoted throughout the New Testament.
If the Spirit of God intended for Paul to pen the Greek word equivalent to adoption, this word eispoieo would have been used instead of the word uiothesia. The word Paul used does not refer to any adoption of sons, but to sonship, the placing of or the position of sons. The only conclusion is that using the word adoption is a mistranslation. This applies also to the other four places where the English word adoption has been utilized, which once again, we will observe.
The following are verses 14 and 15 together from the King James Version with the correct translation of uiothesia: “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of sonship, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.” ‘Makes much more sense when you have the correct translation, doesn’t it? Verse 15 is merely clarifying what was said in verse 14.
The context of Romans chapter 8 is that of being “spiritually minded” or for each Israelite to personally follow the influence and leadership of the Spirit of God. Who even has the Spirit of God? Every Israelite ever born. We each have the personal choice whether to “walk” or follow after the indwelling Spirit of God. What Paul is saying is those who do, confirm they have“the Spirit of sonship” and are assuming their rightful position as the sons of God. Verse 14 says this plainly, “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.”
It is one thing to be White, have the Spirit of God, and still go our own way, and quite another to actually be “led by the Spirit of God” in the power of Christ. Of course it does no good to encourage those without the Spirit of God (non-Whites) to even call upon the Name of the LORD. What Paul is speaking of here is beyond just being born with the Spirit of God or even calling upon the Name of The LORD, but fully submitting to God Almighty as His son in the most intimate way.
Receiving “the Spirit of sonship” is becoming aware of the power of Christ within you by taking up your position as a son of God by submitting to the leadership of His Holy Spirit (John 1:10-13). Paul is teaching that being led by the Spirit is evidence that you are a son of God. This speaks of when an Israelite is no longer inwardly held captive by “the spirit of… fear” but has been set free in boldness and confidence to the point where you feel comfortable to “cry, Abba, Father” THIS IS THE MOST INTIMATE, PERSONAL WAY TO ADDRESS GOD ALMIGHTY FOUND IN THE ENTIRETY OF SCRIPTURE.
The Aramaic word “Abba” can mean “Father”, but more accurately it is Daddy or Papa. “Abba”is a transliteration in the King James Version, followed by a translation of the Greek word pater – translated here, “Father”. We are His sons and cannot only call on His Name – Yahweh, proclaiming Him as our Creator and God, but “Abba, Father” – “Daddy, Daddy” or “Papa, Papa.” This expresses the deepest level of intimacy known to mankind, therefore expressing the level of power we have with God through the spirit of Sonship. Receiving the Spirit of Sonship is letting go of your fear and embracing Christ from deep within.
Nowhere in Scripture is anyone else instructed to call Yahweh God Almighty their Daddy, except Israelites right here. Yes, the Bible teaches that God does have a relationship with Israel as a nation which required the Husband to die for His Bride. This is referred to as national redemption, restoration, and salvation. But here we see, and in other places throughout Scripture, that we as individual Israelites are to come to our Father personally as His sons through Christ.
Yahshua Christ taught His Disciples to address God as“our Father” in prayer:
7 But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking. 8 Be not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him. 9 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. 10 Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. 11 Give us this day our daily bread. 12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
Now why would Christ instruct His Disciples to call God their Father, if it wasn’t so? As Israelites, when we pray we are talking to our Father! Yahweh God is the One who originally gave us life through our earliest earthly father, Adam. Receiving the Spirit of Sonship speaks of us having boldness and confidence when come to God in prayer. Having this immediate, intimate access is similar to what Paul told the Hebrews, concerning how we are to approach God:
16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Why is it we can come boldly to God in prayer? Because we are His sons and He is our Father – our Daddy. Though Christ never used this Greek word meaning Sonship or the position of sons, He did illustrate uiothesia in The Parable of the Prodigal Son:
11 And he said, A certain man had two sons: 12 And the younger of them said to his father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth to me. And he divided unto them his living. 13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. 14 And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want. 15 And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. 16 And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him. 17 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father’s have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! 18 I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, 19 And am no more worthy to be called thy son: make me as one of thy hired servants. 20 And he arose, and came to his father. But when he was yet a great way off, his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran, and fell on his neck, and kissed him. 21 And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. 22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet: 23 And bring hither the fatted calf, and kill it; and let us eat, and be merry: 24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry.
This portion of this parable has always been used to illustrate the nature of conversion and rightfully so. Let us therefore ask some questions to better grasp the nature of the prodigal son’s relationship with his father before, during, and after his return home. Did the prodigal son become the father’s son after he returned home, or was he already the father’s son? It is obvious he was already the father’s son way before he left in the first place.
Therefore, what changed after he returned home? Though he was the father’s son, he left the father’s house because he wanted to be in the world, turning his back on his position as the father’s son. But when he returns home, though he feels unworthy, his father restores his position as his son. This. is exactly what the redemptive work of Christ did for us, as we will see a little later. He was once“lost” but now he is “found” – yet the whole time, he was still a son! This is exactly what uiothesia means, the Greek word the Apostle Paul used in these five places in the New Testament – Sonship, the placement of a son.
If you are Israelite (White) nothing must occur in order for you to be an actual child of God – there is no need for any adoption. Our concern in this life is to first come to ourselves – realizing Whose son we are and repent by humbling ourselves and assuming our position as the sons of God as is illustrated by the first part of this parable.
Here’s an example of another English version which translated Romans 8:15 more accurately:
Revised Standard Version (RSV)
15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the spirit of sonship. When we cry, “Abba! Father!”
Let’s continue on in Romans chapter 8 where we will come across the next verse where “adoption” is used. Notice how in these next three verses between these two places where they translated the Greek word as “adoption”, nothing Paul says has anything to do with being adopted into the family of God – only Sonship:
16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God: 17 And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. 18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Unlike jewish rabbis and the denominational pastors under their influence, Yahweh God wants Whites to know we are His children. The ability to understand the truth and walk in the Spirit of God is proof you are a child of God. We come to this realization through studying Scripture which God wrote by His Spirit.
Here we see that Sonship includes being “heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ”. In addition, only those who assume their position as sons will voluntarily“suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together”. The manifestation of the sons of God is Israelites assuming their proper position. This takes place on an individual level when we assume our position as a son of God in this life. The “glory which shall be revealed in us” takes place when we assume this position, which even creation itself awaits:
19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God. 20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope, 21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. 23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
As we read this in context, the usage of adoption should now appear to us as pretty ridiculous. As we see, adoption into the family fo God is not taught in Scripture because it is not necessary. We are born children of God. What Paul is teaching here is what is means to assume the position as the sons of God which is each individual Israelite’s choice and responsibility.
Also in the next chapter of Paul’s Epistle to the Romans is the third place where adoption is incorrectly used:
1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, 2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. 3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: 4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; 5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
The context itself corrects this mistranslation! This is all talking about genetic Israelites! Speaking to Israel, Yahweh God proclaimed:
1 Ye are the children of the LORD your God: ye shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness between your eyes for the dead.
9 That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD:
8 For he said, Surely they are my people, children that will not lie: so he was their Saviour. 9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them; and he bare them, and carried them all the days of old. 10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.
According to Yahweh, Israelites are His children. So by virtue of the context of Romans 9:1-5 itself, adoption cannot be the correct translation since what Paul said only pertains to Israel. When one has the knowledge of the truth, you recognize that this translation brings nothing more than contradiction and confusion to this passage. For an Israelite doesn’t need to be adopted in order to be considered a child of God.
Paul, who was an Israelite himself, a Benjamite, addresses Israel as “my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh.” Then he goes on in verse 4 to say, “Who are Israelites to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory and THE COVENANTS.” Remember one of Yahweh’s “covenants” with Israel is the Abrahamic Covenant which is an exclusive, genetic covenant. There is absolutely no need for any Israelite (a genetic child of God) to be adopted into the family of God’s due to this covenant Yahweh God initiated and made with Abraham.
Therefore the word adoption cannot be an accurate or correct translation here, at all. Notice the translators even took the liberty of adding the word in italics “pertaineth” to try and make it fit. Yet no matter what they’ve tried to inject into the text, only Israelites “according to the flesh” are children of God, there’s no need for any adoption. Then in verse 5 Paul emphasizes it again: “Whose are the fathers, and of whom AS CONCERNING THE FLESH Christ came, who is over all. God blessed for ever. A-men.”
Therefore the following translation of Romans 9:4 not only expresses the proper translation, but aligns with the overall scope of Scripture, as it pertains to Israel being the children of God:
Revised Standard Version (RSV)
4 They are Israelites, and to them belong the sonship, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises;
Again, Yahweh considered Israel His children. Yet, as we read above, they were “rebellious children”. Through their rebellion and disobedience, Israel lost their position in His kingdom, though they were still His children. The Apostle Paul explains to the Galatians how Israel’s position is recovered through the redemption of Christ, which is where we find the fourth usage of the word adoption in the New Testament:
1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: 4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law (Israel), that we might receive the position of sons.
Yahweh only gave His law to Israel (Psalm 147:19-20), therefore Christ only died to redeem us. It is a ridiculous idea to assume Christ redeemed Israel to adopt them. To redeem simply means to buy back. Christ died to redeem Israel back to the position of Sonship that our ancestors forfeited.
As we read previously in Isaiah, God called Israel His children. Yet because of their rebellion and disobedience, they lost their position in the kingdom of God. The Apostle Paul is teaching here that through Christ’s redemption or buying back of Israel, the opportunity for His sons to assume their position has been restored. On an individual basis, it is still up to you to receive this position of Sonship in your own life and practice.
Once again, with this translated as adoption all we have is confusion and contradiction. Remember, none of the Apostles ever introduced or taught anything Christ did not already establish in the Gospels. Therefore Paul is not introducing some new concept for Israel (or some so-called Gentiles) needing to be adopted into the family of God, as denominational pastors proclaim. The only people under the law are the children of Israel, therefore Israelites are the only ones Christ came to redeem and restore.
Again, there’s no need for any Israelite to be adopted. Christ only died for Israel. A portion of that was to restore us to Sonship. So again, it’s another mistranslation.
Here is the fifth and final place where the adoption mistranslation occurs:
1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: 2 Grace be to you, and peace, from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: 4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: 5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
Here is the final example of the mistranslation using the word adoption in most English Bible versions. Our context is the eternal plan of Almighty God from“before the foundation of the world”. Remember, Isaiah chapter 46 describes God as “Declaring the end from the beginning.” So what would be the significance of Paul mentioning that the Eternal, All-Knowing, Sovereign God predestinated us to… adoption?! Was God unable to produce His own children?! Is He unable to save and restore those He intended, having to come up with some backup plan to adopt Gentiles? This is not the God of Scripture.
Remember the whole plan-B, Gentile theory is based upon how the kingdom was presented by Christ to the Jews, and since they rejected Christ, God is now offering salvation to the Gentiles in this dispensation. Therefore with this weak concept of God and His warped plan, along with the use of adoption, particularly here in verse 5, what it boils down to is God actually predestinated His own failure and effort to cover it all up with an afterthought.
What this suggests (at its logical conclusion) is that God overcompensated, just in case the Jews didn’t accept Christ. In this most popular, modern Dispensational scheme, the Jews, not God, have the final word! If this isn’t a ‘god’ and a plan crafted in the mind of a jewish rabbi, then what is it?! Clearly this is yet another mistranslation, proving once again from the Bible that Dispensationalism is a lie.
Of course, the whole idea of God having His ‘original plan’ fail and needing to postpone it for going on 2,000 years is beyond preposterous. For Christ told the Edomite Jews unequivocally in John 10:26, “ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep” – Christ never tried to ‘win’ the Edomite Jews. This makes Adoption or anything else other than Sonship for Israel unnecessary, and it is ridiculous to translate it so.
Think about it, normally parents do not plan ahead of time to adopt children until after they realize they cannot have their own children. So if God would have predestined to adopt the Gentiles, then it appears God not only failed, but expectedto fail. This is utter blasphemy. One lie always leads to another even in so-called ‘theology.’ Yet when we throw away the“old wineskins”of JudeaChristianity and go by Scripture alone, we readily discover only Israel is ever spoken of as being predestined or chosen by Yahweh God:
1 Yet now hear, O Jacob my servant; and Israel, whom I have chosen: 2 Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, which will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen. 3 For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring: 4 And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses. 5 One shall say, I am the LORD’s; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the LORD, and surname himself by the name of Israel. 6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God. 7 And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
Only Israel was “chosen”by God. Only Israel is spoken of as “the ancient people” who were “appointed” by God. Christ only came to restore and recover Israel to their position of Sonship. This is exactly what Yahweh God predestined to occur on Israel’s behalf alone. That’s what Paul was explaining in Ephesians 1:5. Here it is properly translated:
Revised Standard Version (RSV)
5 He destined us in love to be his sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,
As part of the one of the many nations which now make up Israel and as an individual Israelite, God had a plan for you before the foundation of the world. Stop settling for man-made religion and take hold of your destiny! How do we assume our position as the sons and daughters of God? We do it “through Jesus Christ”, through following the example of the Perfect Son of God:
5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 6 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. 9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: 10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; 11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. 12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. 13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.
1 Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children; 2 And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour. 3 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; 4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. 5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. 6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. 7 Be not ye therefore partakers with them. 8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light: 9 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth; 10 Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord.
From what we have seen here, there should be no doubt that this word rendered adoption in most English versions of the Bible has nothing to do with anyone else outside of Israel, the genetic children of God. As Israelites we do not need to be adopted. We need reconciliation with our Father, just like the prodigal son. We don’t magically change from being Gentiles to the sons of God by being adopted into the family of God. We merely receive that what Christ did for us at the cross was enough to restore us to Sonship and receive His power by believing on His Name.